What to Know About Vertigo
What to Know About Vertigo
Vertigo is the feeling of a spinning world, rotation, or rocking even when one's perfectly still. People with these dizzy bouts might feel like they are spinning or the environment around them is spinning.
Causes of vertigo
An inner ear condition from seekingbalance.com.au is often the cause of vertigo. Some common vertigo causes include:
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, commonly called BPPV, occurs when some calcium particles, or canaliths, accumulate in the inner ear canals. Signals about body and head movements in relation to gravity are sent to the brain by the inner ear. This helps maintain your balance.
bppv has no known cause but it may be age-related.
Labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis
This inner ear problem often results from a viral infection. The infection causes inner ear inflammation around essential nerves that aid body balance.
This inner ear problem is believed to be caused by pressure changes and accumulation of fluid in the inner ear. It can cause bouts of vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Vertigo is less often associated with neck or head injury, brain conditions like tumor or stroke, migraine headaches, and certain medications that result in ear damage.
Symptoms of vertigo
Vertigo itself is one symptom, instead of being a medical disorder that has signs and symptoms.
People who have vertigo typically feel as if they're unbalanced, pulled to a specific direction, spinning, tilting, and swaying.
Other symptoms that might occur alongside vertigo include tinnitus, hearing loss, headache, vomiting, sweating, feeling nauseated, and jerking or irregular eye movements.
Symptoms can last a few hours or minutes and may occur and then go away.
Vertigo treatment options
The cause of vertigo is what determines the treatment option. More often than not, vertigo disappears without any treatment. So, what's the reason? Well, this is because the brain can adapt, at least partly to the changes in the inner ear, relying on other methods to maintain balance.
Treatment is required for some people and may include:
This is a form of physical therapy that's designed to help make the vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system is responsible for transmitting signals to your brain regarding head and body motions relative to gravity. Learn more about vertigo at http://www.ehow.com/how_4677670_treat-vertigo-exercises.html.
Sometimes medication can be given to ease symptoms like motion sickness or nausea related to vertigo. For vertigo that results from infection or inflammation, some antibiotics and steroids can be prescribed to minimize swelling as well as treat infection. For Meniere's disease, you may be prescribed diuretics, aka water pills, to ease the pressure resulting from fluid buildup.
A few vertigo cases may require surgery. If something serious like a neck or brain injury, or tumor is behind the vertigo problem, treating these conditions can help alleviate the condition.